Normal cell phone coverage has limitations. As individuals move their cellular devices further away from transmitters the connectivity level will diminish. In addition, cellular coverage diminishes even further when individual users enter buildings that make it difficult for the channel signals to be received by the cell phone.
Distributed antenna systems, also referred to as DAS for short, are established to provide consistent coverage in areas that are traditionally poor or isolated. These can be crafted for both internal use inside a building and external use. These systems make it possible for cell phone users to have a quality connection within these specified areas.
These distributed antenna systems are comprised of spatially placed antennas that are connected to a common source. This allows the connectivity coverage to be boosted in the specific geographical area that the antennas are setup to cover.
There are three main types of distributed antenna systems. Let’s take an in-depth look at each one of these types so you can establish a better understanding of what each entails.
Single Operator Carrier Systems
Cellular DAS is the most popular example of single operator carrier systems. Individual carrier networks, including Verizon, Sprint, and AT&T, own individual DASs. These are highly popular in corporate environments where the majority of the employees utilize one specific carrier, such as Verizon. This system works to improve the reception and data access for these Verizon users throughout the corporate building.
Enterprise systems are installed in highly-trafficked areas by the facility owner. These devices can run multiple network carriers. The facility, therefore, offers the network carriers, like Verizon, use of their system for a set rental price.
Most carriers will opt to pay for the added coverage for their network in these popular areas. Although these enterprise systems are expensive to install, facility owners with highly-trafficked areas can typically turn a large profit by renting out their systems to the top network carriers.
Neutral Host Systems
In these systems, neither the carrier or the facility own the distributed antenna system. A third party owns the system, which typically turns out to be the company that creates the system. They offer the free installation of the distributed antenna system into a certain facility.
The facility owner is typically keen on the installation idea as they will be able to provide a better experience for users who traffic their facility. The DAS creation company then contacts the major carriers and offers them rental of their newly installed DAS in the facility. The DAS creation company takes the profit from the rental fees for all the major carrier networks that sign up.
All of these antenna systems can be used in a variety of different places. Some of the most popular venues include hotels, resorts, conference centers, stadiums, airports, convention centers, hospitals, malls, retail spaces, university campuses, and office buildings. A DAS makes a great investment for a facility that is sympathetic to its customers’ needs of accessing their mobile devices.